A Pre-Performance Routine to Alleviate Choking in "Choking Susceptible" Athletes

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Mesagno, Christopher, Marchant, Daryl and Morris, Tony (2008) A Pre-Performance Routine to Alleviate Choking in "Choking Susceptible" Athletes. The Sport Psychologist, 22 (4). pp. 439-457. ISSN 0888-4781


“Choking under pressure” is a maladaptive response to performance pressure whereby choking models have been identified, yet, theory-matched interventions have not empirically tested. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether a preperformance routine (PPR) could reduce choking effects, based on the distraction model of choking. Three “choking-susceptible”, experienced participants were purposively sampled, from 88 participants, to complete ten-pin bowling deliveries in a single-case A1-B1-A2-B2 design (A phases = “low-pressure”; B phases = “high- pressure”), with an interview following the single-case design. Participants experienced “choking” in the B1 phase, which the interviews indicated was partially due to an increase in self-awareness (S-A). During the B2 phase, improved accuracy occurred when using the personalized PPR and, qualitatively, positive psychological outcomes included reduced S-A and decreased conscious processing. Using the personalized PPR produced adaptive and relevant, task-focused attention.

Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/3841
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise & Sport Science (CARES)
Historical > SEO Classification > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Keywords ResPubID15878, choking under pressure, maladaptive response, performance pressure, preperformance routine (PPR), distraction model of choking, personalized PPR
Citations in Scopus 68 - View on Scopus
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