Effect of Lactulose on Biotransformation of Isoflavone Glycosides to Aglycones in Soymilk by Lactobacilli

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Pham, Thuy Thi and Shah, Nagendra P (2008) Effect of Lactulose on Biotransformation of Isoflavone Glycosides to Aglycones in Soymilk by Lactobacilli. Journal of Food Science, 73 (3). M158-M165. ISSN 0022-1147

Abstract

Lactobacillus acidophilus 4461, L. acidophilus 4962, L. casei 290, and L. casei 2607 were used to hydrolyze isoflavone glycosides (IG) to biologically active forms—isoflavone aglycones (IA)—in soymilk (SM) prepared from soy protein isolate (SPI) and soymilk supplemented with 0.5% (w/v) of lactulose (SML). L. acidophilus 4461 utilized the highest level of lactulose (3.01 mg/mL) and L. acidophilus 4962 utilized the least (0.86 mg/mL) at 24 h of incubation. The pH values decreased to 4.00 to 5.00 in SML, while they remained relatively high (6.15 to 6.36) in SM. Supplementation with lactulose significantly (P < 0.05) enhanced the viable counts of all the 4 Lactobacillus strains. At the end of incubation, the viable counts of Lactobacillus ranged from 8.08 to 8.25 log CFU/mL in SML compared to 6.99 to 7.11 log CFU/mL in SM. Supplementation with lactulose increased the biotransformation of IG to IA after 6 h of incubation. The presence of lactulose in the medium enhanced the biotransformation level of IG to IA by Lactobacillus up to 21.9%. The hydrolysis level of malonyl genistin and acetyl genistin in SML wasmuch higher than in SMby all the 4 probiotic organisms. The biotransformation of IG to IA occurred rapidly during the 1st 12 h of incubation in both SML and SM. Among the 4 Lactobacillus strains, L. acidophilus 4461 biotransformed the highest level (88.8%) of IG to IA in SML compared to 68.2% in SM after 24 h of incubation.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/3889
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.00687.x
Official URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1750-...
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute for Sustainability and Innovation (ISI)
Historical > FOR Classification > 0908 Food Sciences
Historical > SEO Classification > 8602 Dairy Products
Keywords ResPubID15471, aglycones, biotransformation, isoflavones, Lactobacillus, lactulose
Citations in Scopus 22 - View on Scopus
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