Effects of acute wearable resistance loading on overground running lower body kinematics

Trounson, Karl Michael K ORCID: 0000-0002-8328-2167, Busch, A, Collier, Neil ORCID: 0000-0003-0115-0564 and Robertson, Samuel ORCID: 0000-0002-8330-0011 (2020) Effects of acute wearable resistance loading on overground running lower body kinematics. PLoS ONE, 15 (12). ISSN 1932-6203

Abstract

© 2020 Trounson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Field-based sports require athletes to run sub-maximally over significant distances, often while contending with dynamic perturbations to preferred coordination patterns. The ability to adapt movement to maintain performance under such perturbations appears to be trainable through exposure to task variability, which encourages movement variability. The aim of the present study was to investigate the extent to which various wearable resistance loading magnitudes alter coordination and induce movement variability during running. To investigate this, 14 participants (three female and 11 male) performed 10 sub-maximal velocity shuttle runs with either no weight, 1%, 3%, or 5% of body weight attached to the lower limbs. Sagittal plane lower limb joint kinematics from one complete stride cycle in each run were assessed using functional data analysis techniques, both across the participant group and within-individuals. At the group-level, decreases in ankle plantarflexion following toe-off were evident in the 3% and 5% conditions, while increased knee flexion occurred during weight acceptance in the 5% condition compared with unloaded running. At the individuallevel, between-run joint angle profiles varied, with six participants exhibiting increased joint angle variability in one or more loading conditions compared with unloaded running. Loading of 5% decreased between-run ankle joint variability among two individuals, likely in accordance with the need to manage increased system load or the novelty of the task. In terms of joint coordination, the most considerable alterations to coordination occurred in the 5% loading condition at the hip-knee joint pair, however, only a minority of participants exhibited this tendency. Coaches should prescribe wearable resistance individually to perturb preferred coordination patterns and encourage movement variability without loading to the extent that movement options become limited.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/41863
DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244361
Official URL https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.13...
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
Keywords total running distance, Australian Rules football, sub-maximal running performance, weight acceptance, ankle plantarflexion, heel recovery
Citations in Scopus 0 - View on Scopus
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