QOS-aware Web service discovery, selection, composition and application

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Rangarajan, Sarathkumar ORCID: 0000-0002-3580-8072 (2020) QOS-aware Web service discovery, selection, composition and application. PhD thesis, Victoria University.

Abstract

Since the beginning of the 21st century, service-oriented architecture (SOA) has emerged as an advancement of distributed computing. SOA is a framework where software modules are developed using straightforward interfaces, and each module serves a specific array of functions. It delivers enterprise applications individually or integrated into a more significant composite Web services. However, SOA implementation faces several challenges, hindering its broader adaptation. This thesis aims to highlight three significant challenges in the implementation of SOA. The abundance of functionally similar Web services and the lack of integrity with non-functional features such as Quality of Service (QoS) leads to the difficulties in the prediction of QoS. Thus, the first challenge to be addressed is to find an efficient scheme for the prediction of QoS. The use of software source code metrics is a widely accepted alternative solution. Source code metrics are measured at a micro level and aggregated at the macro level to represent the software adequately. However, the effect of aggregation schemes on QoS prediction using source code metrics remains unexplored. The inequality distribution model, the Theil index, is proposed in this research to aggregate micro level source code metrics for three different datasets and compare the quality of QoS prediction. The experiment results show that the Theil index is a practical solution for effective QoS prediction. The second challenge is to search and compose suitable Web services with- out the need for expertise in composition tools. Currently, the existing approaches need system engineers with extensive knowledge of SOA techniques. A keyword-based search is a common approach for information retrieval which does not require an understanding of a query language or the underlying data structure. The proposed framework uses a schema-based keyword search over the relational database for an efficient Web service search and composition. Experiments are conducted with the WS-Dream data set to evaluate Web service search and composition framework using adequate performance parameters. The results of a quality constraints experiments show that the schema-based keyword search can achieve a better success rate than the existing approaches. Building an efficient data architecture for SOA applications is the third challenge as real-world SOA applications are required to process a vast quantity of data to produce a valuable service on demand. Contemporary SOA data processing systems such as the Enterprise Data Warehouse (EDW) lack scalability. A data lake, a productive data environment, is proposed to improve data ingestion for SOA systems. The data lake architecture stores both structured and unstructured data using the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS). Experiment results compare the data ingestion time of data lake and EDW. In the evaluation, the data lake-based architecture is implemented for personalized medication suggestion system. The data lake shows that it can generate patient clusters more concisely than the current EDW-based approaches. In summary, this research can effectively address three significant challenges for the broader adaptation of SOAs. The Theil index-based data aggregation model helps QoS prediction without the dependence on the Web service registry. Service engineers with less knowledge of SOA techniques can exploit a schema-based keyword search for a Web service search and composition. The data lake shows its potential to act as a data architecture for SOA applications.

Item type Thesis (PhD thesis)
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/42153
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing
Historical > FOR Classification > 0805 Distributed Computing
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords service-oriented architecture; SOA; Web services; Quality of Service; QoS; inequality distribution model; Theil index; keyword-based search; source code metrics; machine learning
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