Mode of action of condensed-and gaseous-phase fire retardation in some phosphorus-modified polymethyl methacrylate-and polystyrene-based bulk polymers

Joseph, Paul ORCID: 0000-0002-5503-9979, Arun, Malavika, Bigger, Stephen W, Guerrieri, Maurice ORCID: 0000-0001-7916-7003, Pospiech, Doris and Harnisch, Christina (2021) Mode of action of condensed-and gaseous-phase fire retardation in some phosphorus-modified polymethyl methacrylate-and polystyrene-based bulk polymers. Polymers, 13 (19). p. 3402. ISSN 2073-4360

Abstract

The aspects of fire retardation in some phosphorus-modified polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and polystyrene (PSt) polymers are reported in the present paper. Both additive and reactive strategies were employed to obtain the desired level of loading of the phosphorus-bearing compound/moiety (2 wt.% of P in each case). Test samples were obtained using bulk polymerization. The modifying compounds contained the P-atom in various chemical environments, as well as in an oxidation state of either III or V. With a view to gain an understanding of the chemical constitution of the gaseous products formed from the thermal decomposition of liquid additives/reactives, these materials were subjected to GC/MS analysis, whereas the decomposition of solid additives was detailed using the pyrolysis-GC/MS technique. Other investigations included the use of: Inductively-coupled Plasma/Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP/OES), solid-state NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy. In the case of PMMA-based systems, it was found that the modifying phosphonate ester function, upon thermal cracking, produced ‘phosphorus’ acid species which initiated the charring process. In the case of solid additives, it is more likely that the resultant phosphorus-and/or oxygenated phosphorus-containing volatiles acted as flame inhibitors in the gaseous phase. With the PSt-based systems, a probable process involving the phosphorylation of the phenyl groups leading to crosslinking and char formation is feasible.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/42804
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13193402
Official URL https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4360/13/19/3402
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3403 Macromolecular and materials chemistry
Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4004 Chemical engineering
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords phosphorus-modified polymethyl methacrylate, PMMA, polystyrene, PSt, fire
Citations in Scopus 3 - View on Scopus
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