Effects of sodium bicarbonate supplementation on exercise performance: an umbrella review

[img]
Preview
s12970-021-00469-7.pdf - Published Version (1MB) | Preview
Available under license: Creative Commons Attribution

Grgic, Jozo ORCID: 0000-0002-6929-2844, Grgic, Ivana, Del Coso, Juan, Schoenfeld, Brad J ORCID: 0000-0003-4979-5783 and Pedisic, Zeljko ORCID: 0000-0003-2886-3556 (2021) Effects of sodium bicarbonate supplementation on exercise performance: an umbrella review. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 18 (1). ISSN 1550-2783

Abstract

Abstract Background We aimed to perform an umbrella review of meta-analyses examining the effects of sodium bicarbonate supplementation on exercise performance. Methods We systematically searched for meta-analyses that examined the effects of sodium bicarbonate supplementation on exercise performance. The methodological quality of the included reviews was evaluated using the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2) checklist. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) framework for downgrading the certainty in evidence was used, which included assessments of risk of bias, inconsistency, indirectness, imprecision, and publication bias. Results Eight reviews of moderate and high methodological quality met inclusion criteria. Using the GRADE framework, evidence for the ergogenic effects of sodium bicarbonate supplementation on peak and mean power in the Wingate test and Yo-Yo test performance was classified as being of moderate quality. The evidence for these outcomes did not receive a point on the indirectness GRADE item, as “serious indirectness” was detected. Low-quality evidence was found for the ergogenic effect of sodium bicarbonate supplementation on endurance events lasting ∼45 s to 8 min, muscle endurance, and 2000-m rowing performance. Evidence for these outcomes was classified as low quality, given that risk of bias, indirectness, and publication bias were assessed as “unclear”, “serious”, and “strongly suspected”, respectively. The ergogenic effects ranged from trivial (pooled effect size: 0.09) to large (pooled effect size: 1.26). Still, for most outcomes, sodium bicarbonate elicited comparable ergogenic effects. For example, sodium bicarbonate produced similar effects on performance in endurance events lasting ∼45 s to 8 min, muscle endurance tests, and Yo-Yo test (pooled effect size range: 0.36 to 0.40). No significant differences between the effects of sodium bicarbonate and placebo were found for general mean power, muscle strength, and repeated-sprint ability. Conclusion Based on meta-analyses of moderate to high quality, it can be concluded that sodium bicarbonate supplementation acutely enhances peak anaerobic power, anaerobic capacity, performance in endurance events lasting ∼45 s to 8 min, muscle endurance, 2000-m rowing performance, and high-intensity intermittent running. More research is needed among women to improve the generalizability of findings.

Dimensions Badge

Altmetric Badge

Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/42838
DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-021-00469-7
Official URL https://jissn.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s...
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3210 Nutrition and dietetics
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
Keywords sodium bicarbonate, supplementation, Wingate test, Yo-Yo test performance, endurance, muscle, nutrition
Citations in Scopus 1 - View on Scopus
Download/View statistics View download statistics for this item

Search Google Scholar

Repository staff login