Mental health screening: Severity and cut-off point sensitivity of the Athlete Psychological Strain Questionnaire in male and female elite athletes

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Rice, Simon ORCID: 0000-0003-4045-8553, Olive, LS, Gouttebarge, Vincent ORCID: 0000-0002-0126-4177, Parker, Alexandra ORCID: 0000-0002-2398-6306, Clifton, P, Harcourt, P, Llyod, Michael, Kountouris, Alex, Smith, B, Busch, Beau and Purcell, R (2020) Mental health screening: Severity and cut-off point sensitivity of the Athlete Psychological Strain Questionnaire in male and female elite athletes. BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine, 6 (1). ISSN 2055-7647

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the sensitivity/specificity of the Athlete Psychological Strain Questionnaire (APSQ) in both male and female elite athletes, and also assess internal consistency and convergent/divergent validity, and determine discriminative validity relative to current injury status. Methods: Data were provided by 1093 elite athletes (males n=1007; females n=84). Scale validity and reliability values were benchmarked against validated measures of general psychological distress and well-being. ROC curve analysis determined a range of optimal severity cut-points. Results: Bias-corrected area under curve (AUC) values supported three APSQ cut-points for moderate (AUC=0.901), high (AUC=0.944) and very high (AUC=0.951) categories. APSQ total score Cronbach coefficients exceeded those observed for the Kessler 10 (K-10). Gender ×injury status interactions were observed for the APSQ total score and K-10, whereby injured female athletes reported higher scores relative to males and non-injured female counterparts. Conclusion: By providing a range of cut-off scores identifying those scoring in the marginal and elevated ranges, the APSQ may better facilitate earlier identification for male and female elite athletes vulnerable to mental health symptoms and developing syndromes. Use of the APSQ may support sports medicine practitioners and allied health professionals to detect early mental ill health manifestations and facilitate timely management and ideally, remediation of symptoms.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/42963
DOI https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2019-000712
Official URL https://bmjopensem.bmj.com/content/6/1/e000712
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3202 Clinical sciences
Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4207 Sports science and exercise
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
Keywords mental health, health screening, Athlete Psychological Strain Questionnaire, athletes, injury
Citations in Scopus 17 - View on Scopus
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