Prevalence and correlates of muscle-strengthening activity participation in Croatia: A cross-sectional study in a national representative sample of 4561 adults

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Radašević, H, Čvrljak, J, Pedisic, Zeljko ORCID: 0000-0003-2886-3556 and Jurakić, D (2021) Prevalence and correlates of muscle-strengthening activity participation in Croatia: A cross-sectional study in a national representative sample of 4561 adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (17). ISSN 1661-7827

Abstract

The World Health Organization recommends adults to engage in muscle-strengthening activity (MSA) at least two times per week. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of MSA in Croatian adults. We analysed self-reported data collected among 4561 Croatians aged ≥ 18 years within the European Health Interview Survey (EHIS wave 2). We calculated the weighted prevalence of meeting the MSA guidelines, and odds ratios for different population groups, adjusted for a range of sociodemographic and lifestyle variables in a multivariable logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of meeting the MSA guidelines was 8.0% (95% CI: 7.2, 8.8) in the overall sample, 5.4% (95% CI: 4.5, 6.4) among females, and 10.9% (95% CI: 9.6, 12.3) among males. We found significantly lower odds of meeting the MSA guidelines for females, older age groups, inhabitants of sparsely populated areas, those with a low education level, obese individuals, and those who did not rate their health as “very good” (p < 0.05 for all). The vast majority of Croatian adults do not meet the MSA guidelines. Public health initiatives to promote MSA in Croatia should focus on females, seniors, sparsely populated areas, people with low education, obese individuals, and those with impaired health.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/43075
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18178905
Official URL https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/17/8905
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4206 Public health
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
Keywords muscle-strengthening activity, MSA, muscle health, European health, public health initiatives
Citations in Scopus 0 - View on Scopus
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