The role of the Basic Public Health Service program in the control of hypertension in China: results from a cross-sectional health service interview survey

Qin, J, Zhang, Yanchun ORCID: 0000-0002-5094-5980, Fridman, Masha, Sweeny, Kim ORCID: 0000-0001-6948-809X, Zhang, L, Lin, C and Mao, Lu (2021) The role of the Basic Public Health Service program in the control of hypertension in China: results from a cross-sectional health service interview survey. PLoS One, 16. ISSN 1932-6203

Abstract

Objectives Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have become the main cause of mortality in China. In 2009, the Chinese government introduced the Basic Public Health Service (BPHS) program to relieve the rising burden of NCDs through public health measures and delivery of essential medical care. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the BPHS program on hypertension control. Methods The China National Health Development Research Center (CNHDRC) undertook a Cross-sectional Health Service Interview Survey (CHSIS) of 62,097 people from primary healthcare reform pilot areas across 17 provinces from eastern, central, and western parts of China in 2014. The current study is based on responses to the CHSIS survey from 7,867 participants, who had been diagnosed with hypertension. Multi-variable mixed logit regression analysis was used to estimate the association between BPHS management and uncontrolled hypertension. In a follow-up analysis, generalized structural equation modelling (GSEM) was used to test for mediation of the BPHS program effect through patient compliance with medication. Findings The estimated proportion of patients with uncontrolled hypertension was 30% lower (23.2% vs 31.5%) in those participants who were adequately managed under the BPHS program. Other predictors of hypertension control included compliance with medication, self-reported wellbeing, income, educational attainment and exercise; smoking was associated with reduced hypertension control. The significant inverse association between uncontrolled hypertension and age indicates poor outcomes for younger patients. Additional testing suggested that nearly 40% of the effect of BPHS management (95% CI: 28.2 to 51.7) could be mediated by improved compliance with medication; there was also an indication that the effect of management was 30% stronger in districts/counties with established digital information management systems (IMS). Conclusion Hypertension control improved markedly following active management through the BPHS program. Some of that improvement could be explained by greater compliance with medication among program participants. This study also identified the need to tailor the BPHS program to the needs of younger patients to achieve higher levels of control in this population. Future investigations should explore ways in which existing healthcare management influences the success of the BPHS program.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/43202
DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217185
Official URL https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.13...
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3801 Applied economics
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords Basic Public Health Service, hypertension, non-communicable diseases, NCDs, China, health management, hypertension treatment
Citations in Scopus 4 - View on Scopus
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