Issues and challenges confronting the achievement of zero plastic waste in Victoria, Australia

[thumbnail of recycling-06-00009.pdf]
recycling-06-00009.pdf - Published Version (5MB) | Preview
Available under license: Creative Commons Attribution

Ng, A. W. M ORCID: 0000-0002-7698-9068, Srenghang, Ly ORCID: 0000-0001-7650-0608, Muttil, Nitin ORCID: 0000-0001-7758-8365 and Nguyen, Cuong Ngoc ORCID: 0000-0003-3791-1628 (2021) Issues and challenges confronting the achievement of zero plastic waste in Victoria, Australia. Recycling, 6 (1). ISSN 2313-4321


Despite the increase in popularity of the zero waste (ZW) concept, the successful implementation of this concept in waste management is still facing many challenges. The plastic recycling rate in Australia is at only about 9.4% (in 2017-2018). The state of Victoria (in Australia) has proposed an ambitious 10-year plan to upgrade its waste and recycling system and to divert about 80% of waste from landfills by 2030. The aim of this research is to study this currently proposed waste management plan and to develop a simulation model to assess the feasibility of achieving 80% diversion rate by 2030. The feasibility of achieving zero plastic waste by 2035 has also been assessed. In this direction, the existing knowledge of global ZW implementation has been reviewed to gain understanding of the challenges, obstacles, and uncertainties in achieving the ZW target. A simulation model is established using a method called double baselines. This method was developed to address the limitation of data availability for the model development. The model was run in 4 scenarios including one for Victoria’s current 10-year plan. Outcomes from the model are produced using six key considerations, including the rate of plastic consumption, waste to landfill, diversion rate, recycling rate, relative accumulative effort, and cost. The findings of this study point out that Victoria’s current plan for achieving an 80% diversion rate by 2030 is possible. On the other hand, the study results also suggest that achieving zero plastic waste by 2035 is less likely to happen. Hence, opportunities for improvement especially towards achieving the zero plastic waste are also presented.

Dimensions Badge

Altmetric Badge

Item type Article
DOI 10.3390/recycling6010009
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4011 Environmental engineering
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords Zero waste, plastic waste, circular economy, recycling performance
Citations in Scopus 4 - View on Scopus
Download/View statistics View download statistics for this item

Search Google Scholar

Repository staff login