Stacked LSTM sequence-to-sequence autoencoder with feature selection for daily solar radiation prediction: a review and new modeling results

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Ghimire, Sujan ORCID: 0000-0002-7266-4442, Deo, Ravinesh C ORCID: 0000-0002-2290-6749, Wang, Hua ORCID: 0000-0002-8465-0996, Al-Musaylh, Mohanad ORCID: 0000-0002-2002-1429, Casillas-Pérez, David ORCID: 0000-0002-5721-1242 and Salcedo-Sanz, Sancho ORCID: 0000-0002-4048-1676 (2022) Stacked LSTM sequence-to-sequence autoencoder with feature selection for daily solar radiation prediction: a review and new modeling results. Energies, 15 (3). ISSN 1996-1073


We review the latest modeling techniques and propose new hybrid SAELSTM framework based on Deep Learning (DL) to construct prediction intervals for daily Global Solar Radiation (GSR) using the Manta Ray Foraging Optimization (MRFO) feature selection to select model parameters. Features are employed as potential inputs for Long Short-Term Memory and a seq2seq SAELSTM autoencoder Deep Learning (DL) system in the final GSR prediction. Six solar energy farms in Queensland, Australia are considered to evaluate the method with predictors from Global Climate Models and ground-based observation. Comparisons are carried out among DL models (i.e., Deep Neural Network) and conventional Machine Learning algorithms (i.e., Gradient Boosting Regression, Random Forest Regression, Extremely Randomized Trees, and Adaptive Boosting Regression). The hyperparameters are deduced with grid search, and simulations demonstrate that the DL hybrid SAELSTM model is accurate compared with the other models as well as the persistence methods. The SAELSTM model obtains quality solar energy prediction intervals with high coverage probability and low interval errors. The review and new modelling results utilising an autoencoder deep learning method show that our approach is acceptable to predict solar radiation, and therefore is useful in solar energy monitoring systems to capture the stochastic variations in solar power generation due to cloud cover, aerosols, ozone changes, and other atmospheric attenuation factors.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.3390/en15031061
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4605 Data management and data science
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords modeling techniques, SAELSTM, Deep Learning, DL, Global Solar Radiation, GSR, renewable energy
Citations in Scopus 18 - View on Scopus
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