The comparative anti-cancer effects of krill oil and oxaliplatin in an orthotopic mouse model of colorectal cancer

Jayathilake, AG, Hassanzadeganroudsari, M ORCID: 0000-0002-3241-6444, Jovanovska, Valentina ORCID: 0000-0002-7797-8432, Luwor, RB, Nurgali, Kulmira ORCID: 0000-0002-2597-6929 and Su, Xiao ORCID: 0000-0001-8178-406X (2022) The comparative anti-cancer effects of krill oil and oxaliplatin in an orthotopic mouse model of colorectal cancer. Nutrition and Metabolism, 19. p. 12. ISSN 1743-7075 (In Press)

Abstract

Background: Our in vitro studies demonstrated that krill oil (KO) has anti-cancer potential. This study aimed to compare the anti-cancer effects of KO with a commonly used chemotherapeutic drug, oxaliplatin and to identify the molecular mechanisms associated with KO supplementation in a mouse model of colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: Thirty-six male Balb/c mice were randomly divided into six groups. Five groups received standard chow diet supplemented with KO (150 g/kg)), corn oil (150 g/kg), KO combined with ½ dose of oxaliplatin (1.5 mg/kg body weight/3 times per week), corn oil combined with ½ dose of oxaliplatin (1.5 mg/kg body weight/3 times per week), or a full dose of oxaliplatin (3 mg/kg body weight/3 times per week). The control (sham) group received a standard chow diet. Treatments started three weeks before and continued for three weeks after orthotopic CRC induction. The number of metastases, tumour weight and volume were quantified ex-vivo. The expression of cytochrome c, cleaved caspase-9 and -3, DNA damage, PD-L1, PD-L2 and HSP-70 were determined. Results: A significant reductions in the weight and volume of tumours were observed in mice treated with KO and KO plus a ½ dose of oxaliplatin compared to the sham group, similar to oxaliplatin-treated mice. KO, and KO plus ½ dose of oxaliplatin significantly increased the expression of cytochrome c, cleaved caspase-9 and -3, and DNA damage and decreased expression of PD-L1, PD-L2 and HSP-70 in tumour tissues compared to the sham group. Conclusions: The in vivo anti-cancer effects of KO are comparable with oxaliplatin. Thus, dietary KO supplementation has a great potential as a therapeutic/adjunctive agent for CRC treatment.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/43409
DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/s12986-022-00646-8
Official URL https://nutritionandmetabolism.biomedcentral.com/a...
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3211 Oncology and carcinogenesis
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
Current > Division/Research > College of Health and Biomedicine
Keywords anti cancer, krill oil, KO, colorectal cancer, cancer prevention, cancer treatment
Citations in Scopus 0 - View on Scopus
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