Immunotherapies for Alzheimer's Disease - A Review

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Tangalakis, Katerina ORCID: 0000-0001-5735-326X, Valiukas, Zachary, Ephraim, Ramya, Davidson, Majid, Apostolopoulos, Vasso ORCID: 0000-0001-6788-2771 and Feehan, Jack ORCID: 0000-0002-9627-1299 (2022) Immunotherapies for Alzheimer's Disease - A Review. Vaccines, 10 (9). pp. 1527-1541. ISSN 2076-393X

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder that falls under the umbrella of dementia and is characterised by the presence of highly neurotoxic amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) of tau protein within the brain. Historically, treatments for AD have consisted of medications that can slow the progression of symptoms but not halt or reverse them. The shortcomings of conventional drugs have led to a growing need for novel, effective approaches to the treatment of AD. In recent years, immunotherapies have been at the forefront of these efforts. Briefly, immunotherapies utilise the immune system of the patient to treat a condition, with common immunotherapies for AD consisting of the use of monoclonal antibodies or vaccines. Most of these treatments target the production and deposition of Aβ due to its neurotoxicity, but treatments specifically targeting tau protein are being researched as well. These treatments have had great variance in their efficacy and safety, leading to a constant need for the research and development of new safe and effective treatments.

Additional Information

This article belongs to the Special Issue Vaccines for Infectious and Chronic Diseases 2.0

Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/44388
Official URL https://www.mdpi.com/2076-393X/10/9/1527/pdf
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3208 Medical physiology
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
Current > Division/Research > College of Health and Biomedicine
Keywords Alzheimer’s disease; immunotherapies; vaccines; amyloid-beta; dementia
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