Differences in processing of game information in basketball players, coaches, and referees

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MacMahon, Clare, Starkes, Janet and Deakin, Janice (2009) Differences in processing of game information in basketball players, coaches, and referees. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 40 (3). pp. 403-423. ISSN 0047-0767


This study applied the expert performance approach (Ericsson & Smith, 1991) to test groups of players, coaches and referees in three separate video-based decisionmaking tasks designed to correspond to the demands of each role (playing, coaching, refereeing). Although previous research has shown expected role-based superiority in role-based tasks (e.g., Allard, Parker, Deakin & Rodgers, 1993), this study found greater overlap between the groups. For example, referees outperformed players and coaches in deciding on the next optimal offensive move, but were not superior in identifying infractions. The findings show that current role is not a sufficient grouping to elicit clear role-based differences, and indicates that past experience as a player provides lasting influences on current processing for coaches and referees. This interpretation has positive implications for transfer of processing skill during role transitions (e.g., players who become referees). Future research should continue to explore appropriate tasks that elicit role-based differences, and attempt to control for experience more rigorously, given the complexity of capturing rolerelated skill in the laboratory.

Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/4439
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise & Sport Science (CARES)
Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Historical > SEO Classification > 9301 Learner and Learning
Keywords ResPubID18325, basketball, domain specificity, information processing, skill
Citations in Scopus 14 - View on Scopus
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