Relationships between measures of boat acceleration and performance in rowing, with and without controlling for stroke rate and power output

Holt, Ana C, Ball, Kevin ORCID: 0000-0001-5661-9388, Siegel, Rodney, Hopkins, William ORCID: 0000-0002-7066-4000 and Aughey, Robert ORCID: 0000-0002-0285-8516 (2021) Relationships between measures of boat acceleration and performance in rowing, with and without controlling for stroke rate and power output. PLOS ONE, 16 (8). ISSN 1932-6203

Abstract

Purpose Boat acceleration profiles provide a valuable feedback tool by reflecting both rower technique and force application. Relationships between measures of boat acceleration and velocity to inform interpretation of boat acceleration profiles in rowing were investigated here. Methods Thirteen male singles, nine female singles, eight male pairs, and seven female pairs participated (national and international level, age 18-27 y). Data from each stroke for 74 2000-m races were collected using Peach PowerLine and OptimEye S5 GPS units. General linear mixed modelling established modifying effects on velocity of two within-crew SD of boat acceleration variables for each boat class, without and with adjustment for stroke rate and power, to identify potential performance-enhancement strategies for a given stroke rate and power. Measures of acceleration magnitude at six peaks or dips, and six measures of the rate of change (jerk) between these peaks and dips were analyzed. Results were interpreted using rejection of non-substantial and substantial hypotheses with a smallest substantial change in velocity of 0.3%. Results Several boat acceleration measures had decisively substantial effects (-2.4-2.5%) before adjustment for stroke rate and power. Most effect magnitudes reduced after adjustment for stroke rate and power, although maximum negative drive acceleration, peak drive acceleration, jerk during the mid-drive phase, and jerk in the late recovery remained decisively substantial (-1.8-1.9%) in some boat classes. Conclusion Greater absolute values of maximum negative drive acceleration and jerk in the late recovery are related to improved performance, likely reflecting delayed rower centre-of-mass negative acceleration in preparation for the catch. Greater absolute values of peak drive acceleration, first peak acceleration, and jerk in the early and mid-drive are also associated with improved performance, likely reflecting propulsive force during the drive. These proposed mechanisms provide potential strategies for performance enhancement additional to increases in stroke rate and power output.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/44541
DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0249122
Official URL https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.13...
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4207 Sports science and exercise
Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4905 Statistics
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
Keywords rowing, boat acceleration, stroke rate, power output, performance
Citations in Scopus 3 - View on Scopus
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