Adjustments in the range of angular motion during walking after amputation of the toes: a case report

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Forczek-Karkosz, Wanda ORCID: 0000-0002-6890-2823, Taylor, Simon ORCID: 0000-0002-4548-055X, Kicka, Anna, Cappellini, Germana, Dewolf, Arthur H and Ivanenko, Yury ORCID: 0000-0001-9363-9548 (2021) Adjustments in the range of angular motion during walking after amputation of the toes: a case report. Symmetry, 13 (11). ISSN 2073-8994


The forefoot plays an important role in providing body support and propulsion during walking. We investigated the effect of forefoot dysfunction on the gait pattern of a young adult with partial bilateral amputation of the toes. We measured our participant’s gait kinematics during barefoot and shod overground walking and analysed time-distance and joint range of motion (RoM) parameters against a group of healthy adults. Forefoot dysfunction gait is improved by footwear and walking experience; however, this improvement was still remarkably different (exceeded 95% CI) when compared to healthy gait at matching walking speed. Compared to healthy gait, walking barefoot had a slower speed and a 30% reduction in ankle and knee joint RoM, but a larger hip RoM. Shod gait resulted in a remarkable increase in ankle RoM and walking speed compared to barefoot gait. These results are consistent with the important role of the forefoot (tarsals and metatarsophalangeal joints) and suggest that footwear can facilitate gait function following toe amputation.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.3390/sym13112065
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4207 Sports science and exercise
Current > Division/Research > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Keywords human foot, toe amputation, foot muscles, foot muscle impairment, gait disturbance
Citations in Scopus 0 - View on Scopus
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