Occupational Stress and Coping Strategies of Professional Ballet Dancers in Korea

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Noh, Young-Eun, Morris, Tony and Andersen, Mark B (2009) Occupational Stress and Coping Strategies of Professional Ballet Dancers in Korea. Medical Problems of Performing Artists, 24 (3). pp. 124-134. ISSN 0885-1158


Twenty professional ballet dancers from Korea were interviewed to identify the stressors they experience and the coping strategies they use during practice and performance. Inductive content analysis of the data identified four major sources of stress: physical (i.e., physical appearance, poor physical condition), psychological (i.e., desire, slump, personality), interpersonal (i.e., relationship with a dance director, relationship with other dancers), and situational factors (i.e., performance demands, finances). The results demonstrated that, within physical factors, physical appearance (e.g., maintaining a particular body type, keeping low body weight) was a preeminent problem. We also found three general dimensions for coping: psychological strategies (i.e., individual cognitive and emotional strategies, avoidance strategies), behavioral strategies (i.e., dysfunctional behavior, hobby activities, social interaction, dance-related behavior), and physical relaxation. The coping strategies mentioned most frequently were in the behavioral strategies dimension. Identifying sources of stress and coping strategies in dance can provide a basis for intervention programs, which can help to reduce stress by developing effective coping skills.

Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/4494
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Sport and Exercise Science
Historical > SEO Classification > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Keywords ResPubID18199, Korean ballet dancers, occupational stress, coping strategies
Citations in Scopus 15 - View on Scopus
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