Optimization of antireflection coating design using pc1d simulation for c − si solar cell application

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Subramanian, Maruthamuthu, Aldossary, Omar M ORCID: 0000-0002-5926-5500, Alam, Manawwer ORCID: 0000-0001-9540-8532, Ubaidullah, Mohd ORCID: 0000-0002-0484-0299, Gedi, Sreedevi ORCID: 0000-0002-3351-4820, Vaduganathan, Lakshminarayanan, Thirunavukkarasu, Gokul Sidarth ORCID: 0000-0002-5126-5979, Jamei, Elmira ORCID: 0000-0002-4270-0326, Seyedmahmoudian, Mehdi, Stojcevski, Alex and Mekhilef, Saad ORCID: 0000-0001-8544-8995 (2021) Optimization of antireflection coating design using pc1d simulation for c − si solar cell application. Electronics, 10 (24). ISSN 2079-9292


Minimizing the photon losses by depositing an anti-reflection layer can increase the conversion efficiency of the solar cells. In this paper, the impact of anti-reflection coating (ARC) for enhancing the efficiency of silicon solar cells is presented. Initially, the refractive indices and reflectance of various ARC materials were computed numerically using the OPAL2 calculator. After which, the reflectance of SiO2, TiO2, SiNx with different refractive indices (n) were used for analyzing the performance of a silicon solar cells coated with these materials using PC1D simulator. SiNx and TiO2 as single-layer anti-reflection coating (SLARC) yielded a short circuit current density (Jsc ) of 38.4 mA/cm2 and 38.09 mA/cm2 respectively. Highest efficiency of 20.7% was obtained for the SiNx ARC layer with n = 2.15. With Double-layer anti-reflection coating (DLARC), the Jsc improved by ∼0.5 mA/cm2 for SiO2 /SiNx layer and hence the efficiency by 0.3%. Blue loss reduces significantly for the DLARC compared with SLARC and hence increase in Jsc by 1 mA/cm2 is observed. The Jsc values obtained is in good agreement with the reflectance values of the ARC layers. The solar cell with DLARC obtained from the study showed that improved conversion efficiency of 21.1% is obtained. Finally, it is essential to understand that the key parameters identified in this simulation study concerning the DLARC fabrication will make experimental validation faster and cheaper.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/45040
DOI 10.3390/electronics10243132
Official URL https://www.mdpi.com/2079-9292/10/24/3132
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3399 Other built environment and design
Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4008 Electrical engineering
Current > Division/Research > College of Science and Engineering
Keywords photon loss, antireflection, energy efficiency, solar energy, solar cells
Citations in Scopus 2 - View on Scopus
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