Four weeks of electrical stimulation improves glucose tolerance in a sedentary overweight or obese Hispanic population

Galvan, Michelle J, Sanchez, Michael J, McAinch, Andrew ORCID: 0000-0002-8762-4865, Covington, JD, Boyle, Jason B and Bajpeyi, Sudip ORCID: 0000-0002-5336-8330 (2022) Four weeks of electrical stimulation improves glucose tolerance in a sedentary overweight or obese Hispanic population. Endocrine Connections, 11 (2). ISSN 2049-3614


Introduction/purpose: Most US adults (54%) do not meet the minimum exercise recommendations by the American College of Sports Medicine. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a novel alternate strategy to induce muscle contraction. However, the effectiveness of NMES to improve insulin sensitivity and energy expenditure is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 4 weeks of NMES on glucose tolerance in a sedentary overweight or obese population. Methods: Participants (n = 10; age: 36.8 ± 3.8 years; BMI = 32 ± 1.3 kg/m2) were randomized into either control or NMES group. All participants received bilateral quadriceps stimulation (12 sessions; 30 min/session; three times/week at 50 Hz and 300 µs pulse width) altering pulse amplitude to either provide low-intensity sensory level (control; tingling sensation) or at high-intensity neuromuscular level (NMES; maximum tolerable levels with visible muscle contraction). Glucose tolerance was assessed by a 3-h oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and substrate utilization was measured by indirect calorimetry and body composition via dual X-ray absorptiometry at baseline and after 4 weeks of NMES intervention. Results: Control and NMES groups had comparable fasting blood glucose, glucose tolerance, substrate utilization, and muscle mass at baseline. Four weeks of NMES resulted in a significant improvement in glucose tolerance measured by OGTT, whereas no change was observed in the control group. There was no change in substrate utilization and muscle mass in both control and NMES groups. Conclusion: NMES is a novel and effective strategy to improve glucose tolerance in an at-risk overweight or obese sedentary population.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1530/EC-21-0533
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3210 Nutrition and dietetics
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
Keywords glucose tolerance, electrical stimulation, insulin sensitivity, body composition
Citations in Scopus 2 - View on Scopus
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