SAFE: Scale-Adaptive Fitness Evaluation method for expensive optimization problems

Wu, Sheng-Hao, Zhan, Zhi-Hui ORCID: 0000-0003-0862-0514 and Zhang, Jun ORCID: 0000-0001-7835-9871 (2021) SAFE: Scale-Adaptive Fitness Evaluation method for expensive optimization problems. IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, 25 (3). pp. 478-491. ISSN 1089-778X


The key challenge of expensive optimization problems (EOP) is that evaluating the true fitness value of the solution is computationally expensive. A common method to deal with this issue is to seek for a less expensive surrogate model to replace the original expensive objective function. However, this method also brings in model approximation error. To efficiently solve the EOP, a novel scale-adaptive fitness evaluation (SAFE) method is proposed in this article to directly evaluate the true fitness value of the solution on the original objective function. To reduce the computational cost, the SAFE method uses a set of evaluation methods (EM) with different accuracy scales to cooperatively complete the fitness evaluation process. The basic idea is to adopt the low-accuracy scale EM to fast locate promising regions and utilize the high-accuracy scale EM to refine the solution accuracy. To this aim, two EM switch strategies are proposed in the SAFE method to adaptively control the multiple EMs according to different evolutionary stages and search requirements. Moreover, a neighbor best-based evaluation (NBE) strategy is also put forward to evaluate the solution according to its nearest high-quality evaluated solution, which can further reduce computational cost. Extensive experiments are carried out on the case study of crowdshipping scheduling problem in the smart city to verify the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed SAFE method, and to investigate the effects of the two EM switch strategies and the NBE strategy. Experimental results show that the proposed SAFE method achieves better solution quality than some baseline and state-of-the-art algorithms, indicating an efficient method for solving EOP with a better balance between solution accuracy and computational cost.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1109/TEVC.2021.3051608
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4602 Artificial intelligence
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords SAFE, optimisation, evaluation methods, EM, artificial intelligence, computing, optimisation problems
Citations in Scopus 64 - View on Scopus
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