Role of ABCG1 and ABCA1 in regulation of neuronal cholesterol efflux to apolipoprotein E discs and suppression of amyloid-β peptide generation

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Kim, Woojin Scott, Rahmanto, Aldwin Suryo, Kamili, Alvin, Rye, Kerry-Anne, Guillemin, Gilles J, Gelissen, Ingrid C, Jessup, Wendy, Hill, Andrew F ORCID: 0000-0001-5581-2354 and Garner, Brett (2005) Role of ABCG1 and ABCA1 in regulation of neuronal cholesterol efflux to apolipoprotein E discs and suppression of amyloid-β peptide generation. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282 (5). pp. 2851-2861. ISSN 0021-9258


Maintenance of an adequate supply of cholesterol is important for neuronal function, whereas excess cholesterol promotes amyloid precursor protein (APP) cleavage generating toxic amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides. To gain insights into the pathways that regulate neuronal cholesterol level, we investigated the potential for reconstituted apolipoprotein E (apoE) discs, resembling nascent lipoprotein complexes in the central nervous system, to stimulate neuronal [3H]cholesterol efflux. ApoE discs potently accelerated cholesterol efflux from primary human neurons and cell lines. The process was saturable (17.5 μg of apoE/ml) and was not influenced by APOE genotype. High performance liquid chromatography analysis of cholesterol and cholesterol metabolites effluxed from neurons indicated that <25% of the released cholesterol was modified to polar products (e.g. 24-hydroxycholesterol) that diffuse from neuronal membranes. Thus, most cholesterol (∼75%) appeared to be effluxed from neurons in a native state via a transporter pathway. ATP-binding cassette transporters ABCA1, ABCA2, and ABCG1 were detected in neurons and neuroblastoma cell lines and expression of these cDNAs revealed that ABCA1 and ABCG1 stimulated cholesterol efflux to apoE discs. In addition, ABCA1 and ABCG1 expression in Chinese hamster ovary cells that stably express human APP significantly reduced Aβ generation, whereas ABCA2 did not modulate either cholesterol efflux or Aβ generation. These data indicate that ABCA1 and ABCG1 play a significant role in the regulation of neuronal cholesterol efflux to apoE discs and in suppression of APP processing to generate Aβ peptides.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1074/jbc.M607831200
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3207 Medical microbiology
Current > Division/Research > Chancellery
Keywords cholesterol supply, cholesterol, central nervous system, neuronal membrane, neuroblastoma
Citations in Scopus 160 - View on Scopus
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