Thermoresponsive hybrid colloidal capsules as an inorganic additive for fire-resistant silicone-based coatings

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Pham, Sang T ORCID: 0000-0002-7347-4317, Tieu, Anh Kiet ORCID: 0000-0002-0592-8815, Sencadas, Vitor, Joseph, Paul ORCID: 0000-0002-5503-9979, Arun, Malavika ORCID: 0000-0001-9996-9070 and Cortie, David (2022) Thermoresponsive hybrid colloidal capsules as an inorganic additive for fire-resistant silicone-based coatings. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 61 (35). pp. 13104-13116. ISSN 0888-5885


Improving the fire-resistant efficiency of silicone-based polymeric coatings is important in the building industry and electrical utilities. In this study, the water-containing hybrid calcium carbonate (CaCO3)-silica (SiO2) colloidal capsule has been developed and optimized as an inorganic flame-retardant additive. This capsule exhibits excellent thermal stability up to 1000 °C with a remaining intact hollow spherical structure. When used as an inorganic filler at 15 wt %, it not only reduces the potential fire hazards by over 44% (i.e., the sumHRC reduced from 112.00 J/g K to 62.00 J/g K) but also improves the heat-barrier efficiency by over 30% (i.e., the temperature at the steady state reduced from 350 to 360 °C to below 250 °C) of the silicone-based polymeric coatings. In addition, the capsule-polymer composite coating exhibits excellent ductility which can withstand heat-induced mechanical stresses and prevent crack propagation under radiative heating conditions. The fire-resistant mechanism of the colloidal capsule is related strongly to the encapsulated water core and the reactions between SiO2and CaCO3at elevated temperatures. They not only contribute to a cooling effect on the flammable pyrolysis gases but also induce the insulative effect to the resulted char during combustion. The significant advances in this study will have a high impact in customizing the functional inorganic additives for a better design of the flame-retardant composite coating.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1021/acs.iecr.2c01967
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4004 Chemical engineering
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords fire resistance, silicone based polymeric coatings, flame retardant
Citations in Scopus 2 - View on Scopus
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