Green HRM and employee efficiency: the mediating role of employee motivation in emerging small businesses

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Khan, Ali Junaid ORCID: 0000-0003-2857-9088, Ul Hameed, Waseem ORCID: 0000-0002-3409-563X, Iqbal, Jawad, Shah, Ashfaq Ahmad ORCID: 0000-0001-9142-2441, Tariq, Muhammad Atiq Ur Rehman M ORCID: 0000-0002-0226-7310 and Bashir, Furrukh (2022) Green HRM and employee efficiency: the mediating role of employee motivation in emerging small businesses. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 10. ISSN 2296-665X


The modern organizational structure expects that the human resource department should train the employees effectively to sustain the environment. This study aims to understand the role of green human resource management (GHRM) in the efficiency of organizations’ employees in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) of Pakistan. The questionnaire was developed on a five-point Likert scale to collect primary data from the target respondents, and the target respondents of this study were the employees of SMEs in Pakistan. The results of the study indicate that GHRM is an important tool to motivate and train employees, which ultimately increases the efficiency of employees. This study demonstrates that the SMEs in Pakistan need to consider the critical role of GHRM as it is emerging and provides reliable resources as per the organization’s requirements for better performance. This study provides recommendation for future studies to consider and contribute to the literature and to the practices of SMEs in Pakistan for the efficiency of their employees.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.3389/fenvs.2022.1044629
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3503 Business systems in context
Current > Division/Research > College of Science and Engineering
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords human resources management, green human resources management, small business
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