Prescribed opioid use is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes in community-dwelling older persons

Liew, Stephanie M, Chowdhury, Enayet K, Ernst, Michael E ORCID: 0000-0003-0267-4888, Gilmartin-Thomas, Julia ORCID: 0000-0002-1783-0161, Reid, Christopher, Tonkin, Andrew, Neumann, Johannes, McNeil, John J ORCID: 0000-0002-1049-5129 and Kaye, David M (2022) Prescribed opioid use is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes in community-dwelling older persons. ESC Heart Failure, 9 (6). pp. 3973-3984. ISSN 2055-5822


Aims: Prescribed opioids are commonly used in the older community-dwelling population for the treatment of chronic pain. Although the harmful effects of opioid abuse and overdose are well understood, little is known about the long-term cardiovascular (CV) effects of prescribed opioids. The aim of this study was to investigate the CV effects associated with prescribed opioid use. Methods and results: A post hoc analysis of participants in the Aspirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) trial was conducted. Participants in the ASPREE trial included community-dwelling older adults without a prior history of CV disease (CVD). Prescribed opioid use was defined as opioid use at baseline and/or at the first annual visit (AV1). Cox proportional hazards regression was used to calculate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for associations between opioid use and CVD events following AV1. Of the 17 701 participants included (mean age 75.2 years, 58.2% female), 813 took opioids either at baseline or at AV1. Over a median follow-up period of 3.58 years (IQR 2.50–4.62), CVD events, most notably heart failure hospitalization, occurred in 7% (n = 57) amongst opioid users and 4% (n = 680) amongst non-opioid users. After adjustment for multiple covariates, opiate use was associated with a 1.67-fold (CI 1.26–2.23, P < 0.001) increase in the hazard ratio for CVD events. Conclusions: These findings identify opioid use as a non-traditional risk factor for CVD events in community-dwelling older adults.

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please note, this has been accepted (I have an email to support this), but I don't think has finished the production process

Item type Article
DOI 10.1002/ehf2.14101
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4203 Health services and systems
Current > Division/Research > College of Health and Biomedicine
Keywords opioids, chronic pain, Aspirin use, Events in the Elderly (ASPREE), cardiovascular disease, CD
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