Sustainable mitigation strategies for urban heat island effects in urban areas

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Irfeey, Abdul Munaf Mohamed ORCID: 0000-0002-5147-6709, Chau, Hing-Wah ORCID: 0000-0002-3501-9882, Sumaiya, Mohamed Mahusoon Fathima, Wai, Cheuk Yin ORCID: 0000-0001-9652-6696, Muttil, Nitin ORCID: 0000-0001-7758-8365 and Jamei, Elmira ORCID: 0000-0002-4270-0326 (2023) Sustainable mitigation strategies for urban heat island effects in urban areas. Sustainability, 15 (14). ISSN 2071-1050


The globe is at a crossroads in terms of the urban heat island effect, with rising surface temperatures due to urbanization and an expanding built environment. This cause-and-effect connection may be linked to weather-related dangers, natural disasters, and disease outbreaks. Urbanization and industrialization will not lead to a secure and sustainable future. Finding solutions to problems such as the heat island effect is at the forefront of scientific research and policy development. Sustainable ways to decrease urban heat island impacts are a core principle for urban planners. This literature study examines the benefits of adding green infrastructure and sustainable materials in built-up areas to reduce the urban heat island effect. Materials such as reflective street pavements, coating materials including light-colored paint, phase-change materials, color-changing paint, fluorescence paint, and energy-efficient appliances are considered sustainable materials, whereas green infrastructure like green roofs, green walls, green parking and pavements, and shaded streets are considered to mitigate the urban heat island effect. The hurdles to the widespread adoption of such practices include a lack of governmental legislation, insufficient technological development, an erroneous estimation of economic gains, and unwillingness on the part of impacted parties.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.3390/su151410767
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3399 Other built environment and design
Current > Division/Research > College of Science and Engineering
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords urban heat islands, thermal impact, environment, urban planning, built environment
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