Mechanical characteristics and durability of HMA made of recycled aggregates

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Sapkota, Kiran ORCID: 0000-0003-3737-2900, Yaghoubi, Ehsan ORCID: 0000-0003-0639-0225, Wasantha, PLP, van Staden, Rudi ORCID: 0000-0002-7339-7702 and Fragomeni, Salvatore ORCID: 0000-0002-0733-4770 (2023) Mechanical characteristics and durability of HMA made of recycled aggregates. Sustainability, 15 (6). ISSN 2071-1050


The application of recycled aggregates in the asphalt industry has been investigated in recent decades. However, low percentages of these materials have practically been used in asphalt mixtures because of the limitations set by the relevant specifications due to their performance uncertainties. This research investigates the feasibility of increasing the percentage of recycled aggregates to 100% in hot mix asphalt (HMA). Recycled concrete aggregate (RCA), recycled glass (RG), and reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) were used to develop HMAs suitable for roads with light to medium traffic. First, potential mix designs were proposed using an innovative approach considering the industry’s needs. Next, the volumetric properties, tensile strength, moisture sensitivity and resilient modulus response of the mixtures under different temperature conditions were determined and compared. In general, the proposed recycled material HMA exhibited superior mechanical and resilient modulus performances, i.e., 45 to 145% increase in stiffness, and up to 99% higher in Marshall stability. Furthermore, higher tensile strength ratios of the recycled material mixtures indicated a greater resistance to water damage, and hence greater durability. The findings of this research provide evidence-based insights into the increased proportion of recycled materials in the construction of asphalt pavements, thereby promoting sustainable pavement construction materials.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.3390/su15065594
Official URL
Subjects Current > Division/Research > College of Science and Engineering
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords recycled aggregates, asphalt, recycled materials, tensile strength
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