A green synthesis route to derive carbon quantum dots for bioimaging cancer cells

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Anpalagan, Karthiga K, Karakkat, Jimsheena V, Jelinek, Raz, Kadamannil, Nila Nandha, Zhang, Tian, Cole, Ivan ORCID: 0000-0001-6582-1457, Nurgali, Kulmira ORCID: 0000-0002-2597-6929, Yin, Hong and Lai, Tze Huel ORCID: 0000-0003-3459-7709 (2023) A green synthesis route to derive carbon quantum dots for bioimaging cancer cells. Nanomaterials, 13 (14). ISSN 2079-4991


Carbon quantum dots (CQDs) are known for their biocompatibility and versatile applications in the biomedical sector. These CQDs retain high solubility, robust chemical inertness, facile modification, and good resistance to photobleaching, which makes them ideal for cell bioimaging. Many fabrication processes produce CQDs, but most require expensive equipment, toxic chemicals, and a long processing time. This study developed a facile and rapid toasting method to prepare CQDs using various slices of bread as precursors without any additional chemicals. This fast and cost-effective toasting method could produce CQDs within 2 h, compared with the 10 h process in the commonly used hydrothermal method. The CQDs derived from the toasting method could be used to bioimage two types of colon cancer cells, namely, CT-26 and HT-29, derived from mice and humans, respectively. Significantly, these CQDs from the rapid toasting method produced equally bright images as CQDs derived from the hydrothermal method.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/46897
DOI 10.3390/nano13142103
Official URL https://www.mdpi.com/2079-4991/13/14/2103
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3211 Oncology and carcinogenesis
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
Keywords carbon quantum dots, CQDs, nanomaterials, photostability, fluorescent particles, cancer cells, cancer detection
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