Understanding volunteer motivations and concerns in coaching and officiating basketball: implications for sport policy

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Casey, Meghan ORCID: 0000-0003-0230-6022, Harvey, John ORCID: 0000-0001-6927-6580, Charity, Melanie ORCID: 0000-0003-3270-3563, Talpey, Scott ORCID: 0000-0003-0791-8570, Reece, Lindsey ORCID: 0000-0003-2883-3963 and Eime, Rochelle ORCID: 0000-0002-8614-2813 (2023) Understanding volunteer motivations and concerns in coaching and officiating basketball: implications for sport policy. BMC Public Health, 23. ISSN 1471-2458


Sport participation and volunteering can make important contributions to good health. Sporting organisations need volunteers to deliver their participation opportunities and for many years the sector has faced challenges to volunteer recruitment and retention, especially due to the increased bureaucratic and compliance demands in operating community sports clubs. As sporting organisations pivot to adapt to COVID-safe sport we can learn about their experiences to inform volunteer recruitment and retention policies and practices. This research examined volunteer intentions and motivations in coaching and officiating in basketball and explored factors influencing their decision to return to COVID-safe basketball. Data was collected via an online survey that drew on theoretical frameworks of volunteer motivations (i.e. modified Volunteer Functions Inventory VFI) in sport as well as sport policies related to COVID-safe guidelines for return to sport. Data was collected in Victoria Australia during July 2020 before basketball had the chance to return from the first Australian-wide COVID-19 lockdown. Volunteers had positive intentions to return to basketball following COVID-19 restrictions because it was fun, to help others, or because friends/family were involved. Volunteers were most concerned that others will not comply with COVID-safe policies particularly around isolating when feeling unwell (95%), but also reported concerns about the inconveniences of some COVID-safe policies introduced to return to organised sport (e.g. social distancing, density limits, and enforcing rule changes). Understanding these volunteer intentions, motivations and factors influencing the decision to return to COVID-safe basketball can help inform recruitment and retention strategies to support volunteers in sport. Practical implications for sport policy and practice are discussed.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/46969
DOI 10.1186/s12889-023-15949-5
Official URL https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles...
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3504 Commercial services
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
Keywords basketball, coaching, volunteer motivations, sport policy, sport participation
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