Mechanical and physical properties and cyclic swell-shrink behaviour of expansive clay improved by recycled glass

Al-Taie, Asmaa ORCID: 0000-0002-2734-9195, Yaghoubi, Ehsan ORCID: 0000-0003-0639-0225, Wasantha, PLP, van Staden, Rudi ORCID: 0000-0002-7339-7702, Guerrieri, Maurice ORCID: 0000-0001-7916-7003 and Fragomeni, Salvatore ORCID: 0000-0002-0733-4770 (2023) Mechanical and physical properties and cyclic swell-shrink behaviour of expansive clay improved by recycled glass. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 24 (1). ISSN 1029-8436


The stabilisation of expansive clay subgrades using recycled glass (RG) was proposed, as a sustainable ground improvement technique. Previous studies mainly focused on using RG powder with contents up to 10%, while the current study utilised sand-size particles and up to 40% RG content. Physical properties, compressibility, strength characteristics, and long-term climatic effects on the volumetric behaviour of stabilised clay were investigated. Volumetric responses of stabilised clay were analysed through a constitutive model developed for environmentally stabilised clay. The experimental results revealed that the plasticity of mixtures decreased by 30% as RG content increased to 40%. By using larger RG particles, the strength and bearing capacity increased by about 45% and 130% with the addition of 25% RG. However, adding about 6% of glass powder was sufficient to increase the strength and bearing capacity to about 100% and 200%, respectively. The swell-shrink results suggested that the maximum swelling was achieved in the second cycle in which the clay classification was converted from medium to high expansive clay. The experimental results were also compared and discussed with corresponding data collected from the literature. The outcomes of this study advance the prediction and understanding of the mechanical behaviour of RG-stabilised clay.

Dimensions Badge

Altmetric Badge

Item type Article
DOI 10.1080/10298436.2023.2204436
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4005 Civil engineering
Current > Division/Research > College of Science and Engineering
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords swell shrink behavior, expansive clay, recycled glass, sustainable ground improvement, stabilized clay
Download/View statistics View download statistics for this item

Search Google Scholar

Repository staff login