Rheological, aging, and microstructural properties of polycarbonate and polytetrafluoroethylene modified bitumen

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Ansar, Muhammad, Sikandar, Muhammad ORCID: 0000-0003-0043-8216, Althoey, Fadi ORCID: 0000-0002-7223-213X, Tariq, Muhammad Atiq Ur Rehman ORCID: 0000-0002-0226-7310, Alyami, Saleh H and Elsayed Elkhatib, Samah ORCID: 0000-0001-5968-2796 (2022) Rheological, aging, and microstructural properties of polycarbonate and polytetrafluoroethylene modified bitumen. Polymers, 14 (16). ISSN 2073-4360


Deterioration of asphalt pavements due to massive load of vehicles and climatic variation has demanded the use of pavements construction material with an excellent resilience characteristic, resistance to permanent deformation, and most importantly, a much longer service lifespan. The main structural distresses in pavement construction are permanent deformation at high temperatures and fatigue cracking under repetitive traffic loadings. To comprehensively investigate the performance of bitumen penetration grade (PG) 70 against rutting, fatigue, and high temperature cracking in hot mix asphalt (HMA) pavements, polycarbonate (PC) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) were used. The investigation of the internal structure, rheological, and physical properties of base and modified bitumen (MB) mixes with different percentages of modifiers (0%, 2.5%, and 5%) by weight were performed via scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern analysis, rolling thin-film oven test (RTFOT), pressurized aging vessel (PAV), dynamic shear rheometer (DSR), rotational viscosity (RV), and bending beam rheometer (BBR). The results of the RV test indicate that modification of neat bitumen with polycarbonate and polytetrafluoroethylene increased the viscosity for polycarbonate-modified bitumen (PCMB), polytetrafluoroethylene-modified bitumen (PTFEMB), and for a blend of PCMB-PTFEMB by 44%, 50%, and 55.75% at 135 °C and 111.10%, 127.80%, and 138.88% at 165 °C, accordingly. BBR test results revealed that modifiers increased the rigidity of neat bitumen by 74.8%, 75.8%, and 74.5% at −16 °C, −22 °C, and −28 °C, respectively.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/47093
DOI 10.3390/polym14163283
Official URL https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4360/14/16/3283
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4005 Civil engineering
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords polymers, bitumen, asphalt, pavement construction, service lifespan
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