Methylome and proteome integration in human skeletal muscle uncover group and individual responses to high-intensity interval training.

Jacques, Macsue ORCID: 0000-0002-4337-7022, Landen, Shanie ORCID: 0000-0002-7658-030X, Romero, Javier Alvarez, Hiam, Danielle ORCID: 0000-0003-0135-329X, Schittenhelm, Ralf B ORCID: 0000-0001-8738-1878, Hanchapola, Iresha, Shah, Anup D ORCID: 0000-0002-3793-1998, Voisin, Sarah ORCID: 0000-0002-4074-7083 and Eynon, Nir ORCID: 0000-0003-4046-8276 (2023) Methylome and proteome integration in human skeletal muscle uncover group and individual responses to high-intensity interval training. The FASEB Journal, 37 (10). ISSN 0892-6638


Exercise is a major beneficial contributor to muscle metabolism, and health benefits acquired by exercise are a result of molecular shifts occurring across multiple molecular layers (i.e., epigenome, transcriptome, and proteome). Identifying robust, across-molecular level targets associated with exercise response, at both group and individual levels, is paramount to develop health guidelines and targeted health interventions. Sixteen, apparently healthy, moderately trained (VO2 max = 51.0 ± 10.6 mL min-1  kg-1 ) males (age range = 18-45 years) from the Gene SMART (Skeletal Muscle Adaptive Responses to Training) study completed a longitudinal study composed of 12-week high-intensity interval training (HIIT) intervention. Vastus lateralis muscle biopsies were collected at baseline and after 4, 8, and 12 weeks of HIIT. DNA methylation (~850 CpG sites) and proteomic (~3000 proteins) analyses were conducted at all time points. Mixed models were applied to estimate group and individual changes, and methylome and proteome integration was conducted using a holistic multilevel approach with the mixOmics package. A total of 461 proteins significantly changed over time (at 4, 8, and 12 weeks), whilst methylome overall shifted with training only one differentially methylated position (DMP) was significant (adj.p-value < .05). K-means analysis revealed cumulative protein changes by clusters of proteins that presented similar changes over time. Individual responses to training were observed in 101 proteins. Seven proteins had large effect-sizes >0.5, among them are two novel exercise-related proteins, LYRM7 and EPN1. Integration analysis showed bidirectional relationships between the methylome and proteome. We showed a significant influence of HIIT on the epigenome and more so on the proteome in human muscle, and uncovered groups of proteins clustering according to similar patterns across the exercise intervention. Individual responses to exercise were observed in the proteome with novel mitochondrial and metabolic proteins consistently changed across individuals. Future work is required to elucidate the role of these proteins in response to exercise.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1096/fj.202300840RR
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4207 Sports science and exercise
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
Keywords skeletal muscle, muscle metabolism, exercise, molecular level targets
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