Highlighting the idea of exerkines in the management of cancer patients with cachexia: novel insights and a critical review

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Ahmadi Hekmatikar, Amirhossein, Nelson, Andre ORCID: 0000-0002-8162-7483 and Petersen, Aaron ORCID: 0000-0003-1508-748X (2023) Highlighting the idea of exerkines in the management of cancer patients with cachexia: novel insights and a critical review. BMC Cancer, 23. ISSN 1471-2407


Background: Exerkines are all peptides, metabolites, and nucleic acids released into the bloodstream during and after physical exercise. Exerkines liberated from skeletal muscle (myokines), the heart (cardiokines), liver (hepatokines), white adipose tissue (adipokines), brown adipose tissue (batokines), and neurons (neurokines) may benefit health and wellbeing. Cancer-related cachexia is a highly prevalent disorder characterized by weight loss with specific skeletal muscle and adipose tissue loss. Many studies have sought to provide exercise strategies for managing cachexia, focusing on musculoskeletal tissue changes. Therefore, understanding the responses of musculoskeletal and other tissue exerkines to acute and chronic exercise may provide novel insight and recommendations for physical training to counteract cancer-related cachexia. Methods: For the purpose of conducting this study review, we made efforts to gather relevant studies and thoroughly discuss them to create a comprehensive overview. To achieve this, we conducted searches using appropriate keywords in various databases. Studies that were deemed irrelevant to the current research, not available in English, or lacking full-text access were excluded. Nevertheless, it is important to acknowledge the limited amount of research conducted in this specific field. Results: In order to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the findings, we prioritized human studies in order to obtain results that closely align with the scope of the present study. However, in instances where human studies were limited or additional analysis was required to draw more robust conclusions, we also incorporated animal studies. Finally, 295 studies, discussed in this review. Conclusion: Our understanding of the underlying physiological mechanisms related to the significance of investigating exerkines in cancer cachexia is currently quite basic. Nonetheless, this demonstrated that resistance and aerobic exercise can contribute to the reduction and control of the disease in individuals with cancer cachexia, as well as in survivors, by inducing changes in exerkines.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/47215
DOI 10.1186/s12885-023-11391-3
Official URL https://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11...
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3205 Medical biochemistry and metabolomics
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
Keywords exerkines, cancer, cachexia, cancer treatment
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