Oxidative Stress and Neural Dysfunction in Gastrointestinal Diseases: Can Stem Cells Offer a Solution?

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Stavely, Rhian, Ott, Leah C, Sahakian, Lauren, Rashidi, Niloufar, Sakkal, Samy ORCID: 0000-0003-0430-4012 and Nurgali, Kulmira ORCID: 0000-0002-2597-6929 (2023) Oxidative Stress and Neural Dysfunction in Gastrointestinal Diseases: Can Stem Cells Offer a Solution? Stem Cells Translational Medicine. ISSN 2157-6580


Oxidative stress is involved in many gastrointestinal (GI) disorders as either the primary pathogenesis (radiation, chemotherapy, toxicity, ischemia-reperfusion) or a secondary driving force of disease progression (inflammation and diabetes). The GI tract is innervated intrinsically by the enteric nervous system (ENS) with a diverse role in maintaining gut homeostasis and GI motility. Complications in the physiological functioning of the ENS results in GI dysfunction that can result in debilitating sequelae from dysmotility greatly impacting quality of life and leading to potentially fatal complications. Therapeutics to remedy either oxidative stress or enteric neuronal dysfunction are severely limited, resulting in a critical gap in clinical care for GI disease and neurointestinal complications. Stem cell therapies have shown great promise in the treatment of several gut disorders via mechanisms including cell regeneration, anti-inflammatory activity, providing trophic support, and emerging evidence of antioxidant and neuroprotective functions. The potential of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapies and recent evidence of their antioxidant and neuroprotective activity in several GI conditions are discussed. Finally, future therapeutic aspects of stem cell-based tools for combatting oxidative stress and enteric neuropathies in GI disease are considered.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/47221
DOI 10.1093/stcltm/szad063
Official URL https://academic.oup.com/stcltm/advance-article/do...
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 3204 Immunology
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Health and Sport
Keywords oxidative stress, GI disorders, disease progression, gut health, enteric nervous system
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