Functionalized MoS2 nanosheets enabled nanofiltration membrane with enhanced permeance and fouling resistance

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Mallya, Deepak Surendhra ORCID: 0000-0001-8843-1363, Yang, Guoliang, Lei, Weiwei, Muthukumaran, Shobha ORCID: 0000-0002-2660-8060 and Baskaran, Kanagaratnam (2022) Functionalized MoS2 nanosheets enabled nanofiltration membrane with enhanced permeance and fouling resistance. Environmental Technology and Innovation, 27. ISSN 2352-1864


In this study, a novel thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membrane incorporated with -OH functionalized molybdenum disulfide (OH-MoS2) nanosheets was fabricated through interfacial polymerization between piperazine (PIP) and trimesoyl chloride (TMC) by addition of nanosheets in the aqueous phase. The physicochemical characterizations of the resultant TFN membrane confirmed the embedding of OH-MoS2 nanosheets and showed excellent compatibility with polypiperazine amide (PPA) matrix, as well as the nanosheets incorporation significantly increased the hydrophilicity, negative charge, surface roughness. In addition, the hydroxyl groups attached to the MoS2 nanosheets can be covalently bonded into the skin layer through its reaction with TMC, promoting excellent compatibility with the polymer matrix. At an optimum concentration of 0.010 wt% OH-MoS2, the TFN membrane exhibited 45.17% increase in pure water flux (84.14 L m−2 h−1) when compared to control membrane (57.96 L m−2 h−1) and maintained stable salt rejection for Na2SO4 (96.67%). This optimized TFN membrane exhibited high normalized flux of 96.92% when compared to 91.22% for control membrane and high flux recovery ratio of 98.88% was maintained as well as enhanced organic removal at 89.14% in terms of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and 99.2% as ultraviolet absorbance at 254 nm (UV254) was recorded during 6 h filtration studies with humic acid containing feed water. 0.010 wt% OH-MoS2 incorporated membranes exhibited enhanced permeance, salt rejection and stability along with excellent fouling resistance and organic removal demonstrating the potential of OH-MoS2 nanosheets for engineering high performance and fouling resistant TFN NF membranes for water treatment.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1016/j.eti.2022.102719
Official URL
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4004 Chemical engineering
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords nanofiltration, water engineering, filtration, fouling resistance, membrane
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