Tests and finite element modeling of concrete beams reinforced with reused steel bars

Attia, Mohammed M ORCID: 0000-0001-8705-2513, Abdelsalam, Bassam Abdelsalam, Eita, M. A, Ahmed, Mizan ORCID: 0000-0001-5499-3181, Liang, Qing ORCID: 0000-0003-0333-2265 and Rageh, Basem O ORCID: 0000-0002-1158-0739 (2023) Tests and finite element modeling of concrete beams reinforced with reused steel bars. Structural Concrete. ISSN 1464-4177


This paper presents the experimental study and finite element modeling of the flexural behavior of concrete beams reinforced with reused steel bars as longitudinal reinforcements. The experimental program and results of eight reinforced concrete (RC) beams constructed with and without reused steel bars are described in detail. The replacement percentages of brand‐new bars with reused steel bars in the tested beams were 50% and 100%. The reused steel bars were coated with and without epoxy. Steel fibers with fractions of 0.5% and 1.0% of the concrete volume were added to the concrete mixes. The load‐deflection relationship, ductility index, toughness, and failure modes of the tested beams are presented and discussed. It is shown that utilizing reused steel bars decreases the ultimate load of RC beams but increases their deflection at the ultimate load compared with the control beam. Increasing the steel fiber ratio increases the ultimate load and the deflection at the ultimate load of RC beams incorporating reused steel bars. However, the zinc‐rich epoxy used to coat the reused steel bars does not affect the behavior of the beams. Three‐dimensional nonlinear finite element (FE) models of the tested beams were developed using ABAQUS and validated against the test results. The developed FE models are capable of accurately simulating the experimentally observed behavior of RC beams with reused steel bars.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/47416
DOI 10.1002/suco.202300316
Official URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/suco.2...
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4005 Civil engineering
Current > Division/Research > College of Science and Engineering
Keywords finite element modelling, flexural behaviour, concrete beams, reinforced concrete
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