Potential Pollution Loads of the Cikembar Sub-Watershed to the Cicatih River, West Java, Indonesia

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Juwana, Iwan ORCID: 0000-0003-2264-431X, Sodri, Ahyahudin ORCID: 0000-0001-5708-1356, Muttil, Nitin ORCID: 0000-0001-7758-8365, Hikmat, Rafid Risandri, Indira, Adryan Lukman ORCID: 0009-0006-9199-8081 and Sutadian, Arief Dhany (2024) Potential Pollution Loads of the Cikembar Sub-Watershed to the Cicatih River, West Java, Indonesia. Water, 16 (2). ISSN 2073-4441


The Cicatih River in the Cikembar sub-watershed, located in Sukabumi Regency, flows along the upstream of the Cikembar sub-watershed and Palabuhan Ratu Bay. For decades, the river has served as a vital water resource, catering to various needs such as domestic use, agriculture, livestock, fisheries, industry, mining, tourism, and hydroelectric power. Recently, the Sukabumi Regency Government made the pollution of coastal and river areas one of the priority issues on sustainable development initiatives for the Sukabumi Regency. This highlights the importance of managing the Cicatih River, one of the main rivers in the regency. This research aims to analyze the potential pollution loads in the Cikembar sub-watershed to the Cicatih River by assessing its water quality status and potential pollution loads from four main sectors: domestic, agricultural, livestock, and industrial. The water quality was calculated based on the Pollution Index method. The potential pollution load from different sources was analyzed using various emission factor calculations. For each pollutant source, the following parameters were analyzed: total suspended solids (TSS), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), Total-N (nitrogen), and Total-P (phosphorus). Results showed that the condition of the Cicatih River is slightly polluted. The parameter exceeding its maximum threshold is BOD. The largest contributor to the potential pollution load of BOD is the domestic sector (53%), while the agricultural sector is the least (2%). In the domestic sector, Bojongkembar Village is the largest contributor to the potential pollution load. The results of this analysis can be used to develop strategies for managing the overall Cikembar sub-watershed.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/47652
DOI 10.3390/w16020256
Official URL https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4441/16/2/256
Subjects Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4004 Chemical engineering
Current > FOR (2020) Classification > 4011 Environmental engineering
Current > Division/Research > Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities
Keywords Cikembar sub-watershed; water quality status; pollution load; Cicatih River
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