Using BATNAs and WATNAs in Online Dispute Resolution

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Andrade, Francisco, Novais, Paulo, Carneiro, Davide, Zeleznikow, John ORCID: 0000-0002-8786-2644 and Neves, Jose (2009) Using BATNAs and WATNAs in Online Dispute Resolution. In: New frontiers in artificial intelligence : JSAI-isAI 2009 workshops LENLS, JURISIN, KCSD, LLLL, Tokyo, Japan, November 19-20, 2009 : revised selected papers. Nakakoji, Kumiyo, Murakami, Yohei and McCready, Eric, eds. Lecture notes in computer science (6284). Springer, Berlin, pp. 5-18.


When contracting through software agents, disputes will inevitably arise. Thus there is an urgent need to find alternatives to litigation for resolving conflicts. Methods of Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) need to be considered to resolve such disputes. Having agents understanding what the dispute is about, managing all interaction between the parties and even formulating proposed solutions is an important innovation. Hence it is of the utmost relevance that the agents may be able to recognise and evaluate the facts, the position of the parties and understand all the relevant data. In many circumstances, risk management and avoidance will be a crucial point to be considered. In this sense we analyze the usefulness of a parallel concept to BATNA – Best Alternative to Negotiated Agreement, that of a WATNA – Worst Alternative to Negotiated Agreement, allowing the software agents to consider the space between BATNA and WATNA as a useful element to be taken into account when making or accepting a proposal. These software agents embodied with intelligent techniques are integrated in an architecture designed to provide support to the ODR in a system we have developed for the resolution of labour disputes - UMCourt. In this context software agents are used to compute and provide the parties with the best and worst alternative to a negotiated agreement.

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Item type Book Section
DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-14888-0_2
Official URL
ISBN 9783642148873 (print) 9783642148880 (on-line)
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Management and Information Systems
Historical > FOR Classification > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing
Historical > SEO Classification > 9404 Justice and the Law
Keywords ResPubID18020, online dispute resolution, negotiation, best alternative, worst alternative
Citations in Scopus 13 - View on Scopus
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