Pre-competitive confidence, coping and subjective performance in sport

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Levy, Andrew R, Nicholls, Adam R and Polman, Remco (2010) Pre-competitive confidence, coping and subjective performance in sport. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 21 (5). pp. 721-729. ISSN 0905-7188 (print) 1600-0838 (online)


The primary aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between confidence and subjective performance in addition to exploring whether coping mediated this relationship. A sample of 414 athletes completed a measure of confidence before performance. Athletes also completed a measure of coping and subjective performance after competing. Correlational findings revealed that confidence was positively and significantly associated with subjective performance. Furthermore, mediational analysis found that coping partly mediated this relationship. In particular, task-oriented coping (i.e., mental imagery) and disengagement-oriented coping (i.e., resignation) had positive and negative mediational effects, respectively. Additionally, athletes who employed mental imagery generally coped more effectively than those using resignation. These findings imply mental imagery has the potential not only to improve confidence, but also subsequent performance, while resignation coping may have the opposite effect. Overall, these results lend some credence to Vealey's integrated sports confidence model.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01075.x
Official URL
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Historical > SEO Classification > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Keywords ResPubID21079, ResPubID23823, self-belief, coping effectiveness, imagery
Citations in Scopus 39 - View on Scopus
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