Influence of cerebral and muscle oxygenation on repeated-sprint ability

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Smith, Karina and Billaut, Francois (2010) Influence of cerebral and muscle oxygenation on repeated-sprint ability. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 109 (5). pp. 989-999. ISSN 1439-6319 (print) 1439-6327 (online)

Abstract

The study examined the influence of cerebral (prefrontal cortex) and muscle (vastus lateralis) oxygenation on the ability to perform repeated, cycling sprints. Thirteen team-sport athletes performed ten, 10-s sprints (with 30 s of rest) under normoxic (FIO2 0.21) and acute hypoxic (FIO2 0.13) conditions in a randomised, single-blind fashion and crossover design. Mechanical work was calculated and arterial O2 saturation (SpO2) was estimated via pulse oximetry for every sprint. Cerebral and muscle oxy-(O2Hb), deoxy-(HHb), and total haemoglobin (THb) were monitored continuously by near-infrared spectroscopy. Compared with normoxia, hypoxia induced larger decrements in SpO2 and work (11.6 and 7.6%, respectively; P < 0.05). In the muscle, we observed a fairly constant level of deoxygenation across sprints, with no effect of the condition. In normoxia, regional cerebral oxygenation increased during the first two sprints and slightly fluctuated thereafter. In contrast, this initial cerebral hyper-oxygenation was attenuated in hypoxia. Changes in [O2Hb] and [HHb] occurred earlier and were larger in hypoxia compared with normoxia (P < 0.05), while regional blood volume (Δ[THb]) remained unaffected by the condition. Changes in cerebral [HHb] and mechanical work were strongly correlated in normoxia and hypoxia (R 2 = 0.81 and R 2 = 0.85, respectively; P < 0.05), although the slope of this relationship differed (normoxia, −351.3 ± 183.3 vs. hypoxia, −442.4 ± 227.2; P < 0.05). The results of this NIRS study show that O2 availability influences prefrontal cortex, but not muscle, oxygenation during repeated, short sprints. By using a hypoxia paradigm, the study suggests that cerebral oxygenation contributes to the impairment of repeated-sprint ability.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/7187
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1444-4
Official URL http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00421-...
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Sport and Exercise Science
Current > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Keywords ResPubID21696, intermittent sprints, brain oxygenation, NIRS, hypoxia, altitude
Citations in Scopus 82 - View on Scopus
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