Effects of Eccentric Treadmill Exercise on Inflammatory Gene Expression in Human Skeletal Muscle

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Buford, Thomas W, Cooke, Matthew B, Shelmadine, Brian, Hudson, Geoffrey, Redd, Liz and Willoughby, Darryn (2009) Effects of Eccentric Treadmill Exercise on Inflammatory Gene Expression in Human Skeletal Muscle. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 34 (4). pp. 745-753. ISSN 1715-5312


The present study examined the skeletal muscle expression of several genes related to the inflammatory process before and after a bout of downhill running. Twenty-nine males between the ages of 18 and 35 years performed a 45-min downhill (–17.5%) treadmill protocol at 60% of maximal oxygen consumption. Venous bloods samples and muscle biopsy samples from the vastus lateralis were donated prior to and at 3-h and 24-h postexercise, along with ratings of perceived muscle soreness. Serum creatine kinase (CK) was determined, as was skeletal muscle gene expression of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-12 (p35), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-a), IL-1b, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), and nuclear factor kappa B (NFkB) (p105/p50). Gene expression was analyzed using RT-PCR and compared with a standard housekeeping gene (b-actin). Data were analyzed for statistical differences using multivariate analysis of variance with univariate follow-up. In addition, Pearson correlations were conducted to determine if any significant relationship exists between any of these transcripts and both CK and muscle soreness. Significant (p < 0.05) up-regulations in IL-6, IL-8, and COX2 mRNA expression were observed compared with baseline, whereas no significant changes for IL-12, IL-1b, TNF-a, or NFkB were noted. Significant increases in IL-6 mRNA were observed at 3 h (p < 0.001) and 24 h (p = 0.043), whereas significant increases in IL-8 (p = 0.001) and COX2 (p = 0.046) mRNA were observed at 3-h postexercise. In addition, muscle soreness was significantly correlated with IL-8 at 24 h (r = –0.370; p = 0.048), whereas CK was significantly related to NFkB at baseline (r = –0.460; p = 0.012). These data indicate that increases in the mRNA expression of IL-6, IL-8, and COX2 occur in the vastus lateralis as a result of damaging eccentric exercise in young, recreationally trained males. Further, it appears that IL-8 transcription may play some role in inhibiting postexercise muscle soreness, possibly through regulation of angiogenesis.

Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/7546
Official URL https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/H...
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Keywords ResPubID21813. cytokines, eccentric exercise, gene expression, inflammation, skeletal muscle damage, expression génique, lésion musculaire, pliométrique
Citations in Scopus 66 - View on Scopus
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