A nanoparticulate system that enhances the efficacy of the tumoricide Dz13 when administered proximal to the lesion site

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Tan, Mei Lin, Dunstan, David E, Friedhuber, Anna M, Choong, Peter F. M and Dass, Crispin R (2010) A nanoparticulate system that enhances the efficacy of the tumoricide Dz13 when administered proximal to the lesion site. Journal of Controlled Release, 144 (2). pp. 196-202. ISSN 0168-3659

Abstract

We demonstrate that Dz13, a DNA enzyme that cleaves c-Jun mRNA, and is capable of inhibiting cancer cell growth in vitro, can be encapsulated into chitosan nanoparticles. For optimisation of this chitosan-based formulation, pH 6, 0.02% chitosan concentration, and 55 °C were found to be best among the variables tested. Particles were 50–300 nm in diameter and encapsulated Dz13 was active when particles were exposed to cancer cells. Nanoparticles were stable during storage even for a month, but were not stable in mouse and human serum. In two different clinically-relevant disease models, and using a clinically-adoptable dosing regimen, these Dz13-nanoparticles were shown to be efficacious against a bone tumour (osteosarcoma), for which no real cure exists currently. However, no toxicity against other bone-dwelling cells was observed with the formulation, and no side-effects were noted in vivo in lymphatic and reticuloendothelial tissues proximal and distal to the administration site.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/7566
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2010.01.011
Official URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
Historical > FOR Classification > 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis
Historical > SEO Classification > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Keywords ResPubID21861, nanoparticle, DNAzyme, antisense, chitosan, cancer, tumour
Citations in Scopus 16 - View on Scopus
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