Stress appraisals, coping, and coping effectiveness among international cross-country runners during training and competition

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Nicholls, Adam R, Levy, Andrew R, Grice, Adam and Polman, Remco (2009) Stress appraisals, coping, and coping effectiveness among international cross-country runners during training and competition. European Journal of Sport Science, 9 (5). pp. 285-293. ISSN 1746-1391 (print) 1536-7290 (online)

Abstract

The aims of this study were to explore: (a) stressors (including intensity of the feelings that the appraisal of each stressor generated and control of the stressor) and coping strategies on training and competition days; (b) the relationship between stressor intensity and stressor control; (c) the relationship between stressor intensity and stressor control with coping effectiveness; and (d) the relationship between coping effectiveness and coping automaticity. Participants were 10 elite Caucasian cross-country athletes who maintained a stressor and coping diary for 6 weeks. Results revealed that the runners experienced diverse stressors and used different coping strategies on training and competition days. Stressors were significantly more intense on competition days. Additionally, there was a significant negative correlation between stressor intensity and stressor control, and a negative correlation between stressor intensity and coping effectiveness. These results support the notion that stressors and coping are situation-specific variables. Applied practitioners could thus devise situation-specific coping interventions to maximize coping effectiveness.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/7698
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/17461390902836049
Official URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1746139...
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Historical > FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Keywords ResPubID22543, coping, stressor intensity, stressor control, coping effectiveness, coping automaticity
Citations in Scopus 41 - View on Scopus
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