The Zone: Evidence of a universal phenomenon for athletes across sports

Full text for this resource is not available from the Research Repository.

Young, Janet ORCID: 0000-0002-0040-0691 and Pain, Michelle (1999) The Zone: Evidence of a universal phenomenon for athletes across sports. Athletic Insight : the online journal of sport psychology, 1 (3). pp. 21-30. ISSN 1947-6299


This paper examines the heightened states of consciousness during participation in sport termed the zone or flow. Theoretical frameworks and studies of the phenomenon are described. The notion of a universal zone in sport is explored with a review of Young's (1999a) comparative analysis of flow experiences of professional tennis players with Jackson's (1993, 1996) elite athletes. Qualitative analyses of tennis players' and elite athletes' narratives of flow support flow theory's posited structure of flow consisting of eight dimensions. No significant differences were found between tennis players and elite athletes on the Experience Questionnaire (Privette, 1984). These analyses suggest that the zone or flow state is a universal phenomenon across sports, although intra-sport and inter-athlete differences are evident.

Item type Article
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Sport and Exercise Science
Keywords ResPubID22500, theoretical frameworks, tennis players, state of consciousness, elite athletes, qualitative analysis, quantitative analysis
Download/View statistics View download statistics for this item

Search Google Scholar

Repository staff login