An illusory interiority: Interrogating the discourse/s of inclusion

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Graham, Linda J and Slee, Roger (2008) An illusory interiority: Interrogating the discourse/s of inclusion. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 40 (2). pp. 277-293. ISSN 0013-1857


It is generally accepted that the notion of inclusion derived or evolved from the practices of mainstreaming or integrating students with disabilities into regular schools. Halting the practice of segregating children with disabilities was a progressive social movement. The value of this achievement is not in dispute. However, our charter as scholars and cultural vigilantes (Slee & Allan, 2001) is to always look for how we can improve things; to avoid stasis and complacency we must continue to ask, how can we do it better? Thus, we must ask ourselves uncomfortable questions and develop a critical perspective that Foucault characterised as an ‘ethic of discomfort’ (Rabinow & Rose, 2003, p. xxvi) by following the Nietzschean principle where one acts ‘counter to our time and thereby on our time ... for the benefit of a time to come’ (Nietzsche, 1874, p. 60 in Rabinow & Rose, 2003, p. xxvi). This paper begins with a fundamental question for those participating in inclusive education research and scholarship—when we talk of including, into what do we seek to include?

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Additional Information

Online ISSN: 1469-5812

Item type Article
DOI 10.1111/j.1469-5812.2007.00331.x
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education
Historical > FOR Classification > 2203 Philosophy
Current > Division/Research > Other
Keywords ResPubID22782. inclusive education, interiority, exteriority, poststructuralism, integration in education, disabled children
Citations in Scopus 204 - View on Scopus
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