Mental toughness, stress, stress appraisal, coping and coping effectiveness in sport

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Kaiseler, Mariana, Polman, Remco and Nicholls, Adam (2009) Mental toughness, stress, stress appraisal, coping and coping effectiveness in sport. Personality and Individual Differences, 47 (7). pp. 728-733. ISSN 0191-8869 (print) 1873-3549 (online)


The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between mental toughness, stressor appraisal, coping strategies and coping effectiveness among a sample of athletes. Participants were 482 athletes (male n = 305; female n = 177), aged between 16 and 45 years (M age = 20.44 years, SD = 3.98). In support of a priori predictions, mental toughness was associated with stress intensity and control appraisal, but not the type of stressor experienced by athletes. Total mental toughness and its six components predicted coping and coping effectiveness in relation to the self-selected stressor. In particular, higher levels of mental toughness were associated with more problem-focused coping, but less emotion-focused and avoidance coping. Coping effectiveness was influenced by the coping strategy employed by the athletes.

Item type Article
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Keywords ResPubID21976. mental toughness, stress appraisal, coping strategies, anxiety
Citations in Scopus 126 - View on Scopus
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