Mental toughness in sport: Achievement level, gender, age, experience, and sport type differences

Full text for this resource is not available from the Research Repository.

Nicholls, Adam R, Polman, Remco, Levy, Andrew R and Backhouse, Susan H (2009) Mental toughness in sport: Achievement level, gender, age, experience, and sport type differences. Personality and Individual Differences, 47 (1). pp. 73-75. ISSN 0191-8869

Abstract

It was hypothesized that there would be significant differences in mental toughness among athletes of different: (a) achievement level, (b) gender, (c) age, (d) sporting experience, and (e) sport type (team vs. individual and contact vs. non-contact sports). Participants were 677 athletes and consisted of sports performers competing at international (n = 60), national (n = 99), county (n = 198), club/university (n = 289), and beginner (n = 31) levels. Results revealed a significant relationship between mental toughness and gender, age, and sporting experience. However, achievement level and the type of sport an athlete participated in was not significantly associated with mental toughness.

Dimensions Badge

Altmetric Badge

Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/7960
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2009.02.006
Official URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Historical > FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Keywords ResPubID21994, mental toughness, gender, achievement level, skill, chronological age
Citations in Scopus 67 - View on Scopus
Download/View statistics View download statistics for this item

Search Google Scholar

Repository staff login