Stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness: gender, type of sport, and skill differences

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Nicholls, Adam R, Polman, Remco, Levy, Andrew R, Taylor, Jamie and Cobley, Stephen (2007) Stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness: gender, type of sport, and skill differences. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25 (13). pp. 1521-1530. ISSN 0264-0414


The aim of this study was to examine stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness as a function of gender, type of sport, and skill. The sample consisted of 749 undergraduate athletes (455 males, 294 females) aged 18 – 38 years (mean = 19.8 years). Skill was classified as international/national, county, university, and club standard. Participants completed a stressor and coping concept map (Novak & Gowin, 1984). The results revealed gender, type of sport, and skill differences in relation to stressor frequencies, coping strategy deployment, and coping effectiveness. In contrast to previous research, females used a variety of problem-focused (e.g. planning, communication, technique-orientated coping) strategies more frequently than males. Team sport athletes reported a variety of sport-specific stressors relating to the demands of playing in a team environment. The group of national/international athletes reported using more planning, blocking, and visualization, and also reported that their coping was more effective than that of less-skilled athletes.

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Additional Information

Online ISSN: 1466-447X

Item type Article
DOI 10.1080/02640410701230479
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Keywords ResPubID22069. coping, stress, sport psychology, athletes, gender
Citations in Scopus 106 - View on Scopus
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