Effects of chronic NaHCO3 ingestion during interval training on changes to muscle buffer capacity, metabolism, and short-term endurance performance

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Edge, Johann, Bishop, David and Goodman, Carmel (2006) Effects of chronic NaHCO3 ingestion during interval training on changes to muscle buffer capacity, metabolism, and short-term endurance performance. Journal of Applied Physiology, 101 (3). pp. 918-925. ISSN 8750-7587

Abstract

The American Physiological Society Article Effects of chronic NaHCO3 ingestion during interval training on changes to muscle buffer capacity, metabolism, and short-term endurance performance Johann Edge, David Bishop, and Carmel Goodman School of Human Movement and Exercise Science, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia Submitted 6 December 2005 ; accepted in final form 8 March 2006 This study determined the effects of altering the H+ concentration during interval training, by ingesting NaHCO3 (Alk-T) or a placebo (Pla-T), on changes in muscle buffer capacity (betam), endurance performance, and muscle metabolites. Pre- and posttraining peak O2 uptake (O2 peak), lactate threshold (LT), and time to fatigue at 100% pretraining O2 peak intensity were assessed in 16 recreationally active women. Subjects were matched on the LT, were randomly placed into the Alk-T (n = 8) or Pla-T (n = 8) groups, and performed 8 wk (3 days/wk) of six to twelve 2-min cycle intervals at 140–170% of their LT, ingesting NaHCO3 or a placebo before each training session (work matched between groups). Both groups had improvements in betam (19 vs. 9%; P < 0.05) and O2 peak (22 vs. 17%; P < 0.05) after the training period, with no differences between groups. There was a significant correlation between pretraining betam and percent change in betam (r = –0.70, P < 0.05). There were greater improvements in both the LT (26 vs. 15%; P = 0.05) and time to fatigue (164 vs. 123%; P = 0.05) after Alk-T, compared with Pla-T. There were no changes to pre- or postexercise ATP, phosphocreatine, creatine, and intracellular lactate concentrations, or pHi after training. Our findings suggest that training intensity, rather than the accumulation of H+ during training, may be more important to improvements in betam. The group ingesting NaHCO3 before each training session had larger improvements in the LT and endurance performance, possibly because of a reduced metabolic acidosis during training and a greater improvement in muscle oxidative capacity.

Additional Information

Online ISSN: 1522-1601

Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/8068
Official URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01534.2005
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Keywords ResPubID22114. alkalosis, lactate threshold, fatigue, NaHCO3, exercise, interval training, endurance performance, muscle buffer capacity, metabolism, metabolites, VO2
Citations in Scopus 87 - View on Scopus
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