Performance evaluation of different ultrafiltration membranes for the reclamation and reuse of secondary effluent

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Muthukumaran, Shobha, Nguyen, Duy Anh and Baskaran, Kanagaratnam (2011) Performance evaluation of different ultrafiltration membranes for the reclamation and reuse of secondary effluent. Desalination, 279 (1-3). pp. 383-389. ISSN 0011-9164

Abstract

This study investigates and compares the performance of two different types of ultrafiltration (UF) membranes in the recovery of water from secondary treated wastewater. Filtration experiments were carried out on a pilot scale cross-flow unit using synthetic wastewater similar to the quality of secondary treated wastewater by varying the operating parameters such as transmembrane pressure (TMP), feed composition and membrane configuration. The filtration experiments demonstrated that the flux recovery through spiral polymeric UF membrane was more sensitive to the variation in TMP compared to the tubular ceramic UF membrane over the range of TMP studied. The resistance in series model was used for the evaluation of the resistance to the permeate flux. The fouling resistance, particularly irreversible resistance compared to reversible resistance plays a major role in the total resistance for the tubular ceramic membrane. In contrast clean membrane resistance is the major contributor for the total resistance of the spiral polymeric membrane. Finally, the effectiveness of the filtration treatment was determined by evaluating the rejection coefficients for various pollution indices of the wastewater. Significant differences in the performance of the membrane types were observed which are likely to impact on the selection, operation and maintenance of the membrane system.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/8921
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.06.040
Official URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Engineering and Science
Historical > FOR Classification > 0907 Environmental Engineering
Historical > SEO Classification > 9609 Land and Water Management
Keywords ResPubID23042, ultrafiltration, secondary wastewater, permeate flux, water reuse, rejection coefficient
Citations in Scopus 61 - View on Scopus
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