Financial structure and economic growth link in African countries: a panel cointegration analysis

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Ahmed, Abdullahi D and Wahid, Abu N. M (2011) Financial structure and economic growth link in African countries: a panel cointegration analysis. Journal of Economic Studies, 38 (3). pp. 331-357. ISSN 0144-3585

Abstract

Purpose – This paper aims to use the newly developed panel data cointegration analysis and the dynamic time series modeling approach to examine the linkages between financial structure (market-based vs bank-based) and economic growth in African economies. Design/methodology/approach – The research investigates the dynamic relationship between financial structure and economic growth in a panel of a group of seven African developing countries over the period of 1986-2007. The paper uses various indicators/measures of financial structure and financial system, and employs the traditional time-series analysis for causality as well as the newly developed panel unit root and cointegration techniques and estimated finance-growth relationship using FMOLS for heterogeneous panel. Findings – From the dynamic heterogeneous panel approach, the paper firstly finds that market-based financial system is important for explaining output growth through enhancing efficiency and productivity. Second, the authors' empirical evidence supports the view that higher levels of banking system development are positively associated with capital accumulation growth and lead to faster rates of economic growth. Originality/value – Panel cointegration, group mean panel FMOLS and country-by-country time series investigations indicate that the market-based financial system is important for explaining output growth through enhancing efficiency and productivity, whereas the development of banking system is significantly associated with capital accumulation growth. Further results from the time-series approach show evidence of unidirectional causality running from market-oriented as well as bank-oriented financial systems to economic growth.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/9366
DOI https://doi.org/10.1108/01443581111152436
Official URL http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?article...
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Strategic Economic Studies (CSES)
Historical > FOR Classification > 1402 Applied Economics
Historical > SEO Classification > 970114 Expanding Knowledge in Economics
Keywords ResPubID24238, economic growth, financial structure, panel cointegration, Sub Saharan Africa
Citations in Scopus 25 - View on Scopus
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